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Mgwirizano wapadziko lonse

Cholumikizira chapadziko lonse lapansi chopanda mphamvu yowoneka bwino polowera ku torsion. Zitha kugawidwa m'magulu osagwirizana a chilengedwe chonse, quasi-constant universal joint ndi nthawi zonse. [1]

① Nonuniform universal joint. Pamene ngodya pakati pa nkhwangwa ziwiri zolumikizidwa ndi cholumikizira cha chilengedwe chonse ndi chachikulu kuposa ziro, cholumikizira chapadziko lonse lapansi chokhala ndi liwiro lofanana la angular chimayenda pakati pa nsonga yotulutsa ndi mulingo wolowera mosiyanasiyana mosiyanasiyana ma liwiro ang'ono.

Mtanda wa shaft wamtundu wokhazikika wapadziko lonse lapansi umapangidwa ndi foloko yolumikizana, mtanda, singano yonyamula singano, chisindikizo chamafuta, manja, chivundikiro ndi mbali zina. Mfundo yogwirira ntchito ndi: imodzi mwa mafoloko ozungulira imayendetsa mphanda ina kuti izungulire kudutsa pamtunda, ndipo nthawi yomweyo imatha kuzungulira pakati pa mtandawo kumbali iliyonse. Chogudubuza singano mu singano chonyamula singano chimatha kuzungulira pozungulira kuchepetsa kukangana. Shaft yolumikizidwa ndi mphamvu yolowera imatchedwa shaft yolowera (yomwe imadziwikanso kuti shaft yogwira), ndipo kutulutsa kwa shaft ndi cholumikizira chapadziko lonse lapansi kumatchedwa shaft yotulutsa (yomwe imadziwikanso kuti shaft yoyendetsedwa). Kugwira ntchito pansi pa chikhalidwe chakuti pali mbali imodzi yophatikizira pakati pazitsulo zolowera ndi zotulutsa, kuthamanga kwa angular kwazitsulo ziwirizo sikuli kofanana, zomwe zidzatsogolera kugwedezeka kwa torsional shaft ndi ziwalo zotumizira zomwe zikugwirizana nazo ndikukhudza moyo wa magawo awa.

② Quasi nthawi zonse liwiro la chilengedwe chonse. Cholumikizira chapadziko lonse chomwe chimatumiza kusuntha kwamphamvu kofananako nthawi yomweyo pamakona opangidwa komanso pafupifupi liwiro lofanana pompopompo pamakona ena. Imagawidwa kukhala: a) pawiri quasi-constant liwiro universal joint. Zimatanthawuza ku mgwirizano wapadziko lonse kumene utali wa shaft yoyendetsa mu chipangizo chotumizira mofulumira chapadziko lonse lapansi umachepetsedwa kukhala osachepera. B) Chida cha convex quasi-constant velocity universal velocity. Zili ndi zigawo ziwiri zapadziko lonse lapansi ndi midadada iwiri ya convex ya mawonekedwe osiyanasiyana. Mipiringidzo iwiri ya convex ndi yofanana ndi shaft yapakatikati ndi mapini awiri opingasa pa chipangizo cholumikizirana chapawiri. C) Mapini atatu quasi-constant velocity universal liwiro. Imakhala ndi mapini awiri apini atatu, mafoloko a eccentric shaft ndi mafoloko a eccentric shaft. D) Chogudubuza chozungulira quasi-constant velocity universal velocity. Zimapangidwa ndi pin shaft, chogudubuza chozungulira, shaft yapadziko lonse lapansi ndi silinda. Wodzigudubuza akhoza kuchita axial kayendedwe mu poyambira, kusewera mbali ya spline kukula. Kulumikizana kwa ma roller ndi khoma la groove kumatha kusamutsa torque.


Nthawi yotumiza:10-13-2021
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